sabarna choudhiry - founder of uttarpara

Legacy of Sabarna Choudhury: Founder of Uttarpara

Uttarpara, a charming town in the Hooghly district of West Bengal, India, boasts a rich historical tapestry woven with the threads of cultural, social, and political significance. At the heart of this history lies the figure of Sabarna Choudhury, the illustrious founder of Uttarpara, whose legacy has left an indelible mark on the town and its surroundings. This blog delves into the life and contributions of Sabarna Choudhury, exploring his impact on the development and cultural heritage of Uttarpara.

Early Life and Ancestry

Sabarna Choudhury was born into the prestigious Sabarna Roy Choudhury family, one of the oldest and most influential families in Bengal. The Sabarna Roy Choudhury family traces its ancestry back to the medieval period, with a lineage of prominent zamindars (landlords) and influential figures in the Mughal and British periods of Indian history. The family’s vast estates and wealth were primarily concentrated in the areas around present-day Kolkata, then known as Calcutta, and its outskirts, including Uttarpara.

The Foundation of Uttarpara

In the early 17th century, during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, Sabarna Choudhury played a pivotal role in establishing Uttarpara. The name “Uttarpara” is derived from two Bengali words: “Uttar” meaning north and “Para” meaning locality. As the northernmost settlement of the Sabarna Roy Choudhury estate, Uttarpara served as a crucial administrative and residential center for the family.

Sabarna Choudhury’s vision for Uttarpara extended beyond mere administrative purposes. He aimed to create a thriving community that would serve as a hub for culture, education, and economic activities. Under his leadership, Uttarpara saw the construction of several key infrastructures, including temples, schools, and markets, which laid the foundation for the town’s future growth.

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Contributions to Education and Culture

Sabarna Choudhury’s commitment to education and culture was evident in his efforts to promote learning and intellectual pursuits in Uttarpara. He established one of the earliest educational institutions in the region, providing access to formal education for the children of the town and surrounding areas. This institution not only imparted traditional knowledge but also fostered a spirit of inquiry and intellectual growth among its students.

In addition to his contributions to education, Sabarna Choudhury was a patron of the arts and culture. He supported various cultural activities, including music, dance, and literature, which enriched the cultural fabric of Uttarpara. The town became a melting pot of diverse cultural influences, attracting scholars, artists, and intellectuals from different parts of Bengal.

Architectural Marvels

One of the most enduring legacies of Sabarna Choudhury in Uttarpara is the town’s architectural heritage. During his tenure, several architectural marvels were constructed, showcasing the rich blend of Mughal and Bengali architectural styles. Among these, the Sabarna Choudhury Mansion stands out as a symbol of the family’s grandeur and architectural prowess.

The Sabarna Choudhury Mansion, also known as the “Baro Bari” (Big House), is an exquisite example of traditional Bengali architecture with its intricately designed courtyards, ornate facades, and expansive gardens. This mansion served as the residence of the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family for generations and continues to be a significant landmark in Uttarpara.

Role in Socio-Political Affairs

Sabarna Choudhury’s influence extended beyond the boundaries of Uttarpara. He played a crucial role in the socio-political landscape of Bengal during a period marked by significant changes and challenges. His family held considerable sway over the administration and governance of the region, often acting as intermediaries between the local populace and the ruling authorities, whether Mughal or British.

The Sabarna Roy Choudhury family’s relationship with the British East India Company was particularly noteworthy. They were among the key landholders who ceded the rights to the villages of Sutanuti, Gobindapur, and Kalikata (which later amalgamated to form Kolkata) to the British in 1698. This transaction marked the beginning of Kolkata’s transformation into a major colonial city and commercial hub.

The Legacy Continues

The legacy of Sabarna Choudhury continues to resonate in modern-day Uttarpara. The town has evolved over the centuries, adapting to the changing times while preserving its rich cultural and historical heritage. Several institutions and landmarks in Uttarpara bear testimony to Sabarna Choudhury’s vision and contributions.

One such institution is the Uttarpara Joykrishna Public Library, established in 1859, making it one of the oldest public libraries in India. This library has played a pivotal role in promoting literacy and education in the region, embodying the spirit of learning and intellectual pursuit that Sabarna Choudhury championed.

Celebrating Sabarna Choudhury’s Legacy

Every year, Uttarpara pays homage to Sabarna Choudhury and the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family through various cultural and religious events. These celebrations serve as a reminder of the town’s rich heritage and the enduring impact of its founder. Festivals, cultural programs, and community gatherings bring together the residents of Uttarpara, fostering a sense of unity and pride in their shared history.


The story of Sabarna Choudhury and the foundation of Uttarpara is a testament to the vision and leadership of a remarkable individual. His contributions to education, culture, architecture, and socio-political affairs have left an indelible mark on the town and its people. As Uttarpara continues to grow and evolve, the legacy of Sabarna Choudhury serves as a guiding light, inspiring future generations to cherish and preserve their rich heritage.

Uttarpara’s journey from a modest settlement to a thriving town is a reflection of Sabarna Choudhury’s enduring legacy. Through the passage of time, his vision for Uttarpara as a center of learning, culture, and community remains alive, reminding us of the profound impact one individual can have on shaping the destiny of a place and its people.